Orwell based Major on both the German political economist Karl Marx and the Russian revolutionary leader Vladimir Ilych Lenin. Unfortunately for the other animals, Muriel is not charismatic or inspired enough to take action and oppose Napoleon and his pigs. When he returns, he still insists on the existence of Sugarcandy Mountain. This is the reason why the two pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, often argue. Mollie represents those in Russian society who did not want to change for the sake of the Socialist cause, who wanted to keep the luxury they knew before the Russian Revolution and went into exile. Mollie - Mollie is a stupid and materialistic horse.
Some months later a heavy storm destroys the windmill, which is nearly finished. He still does his work the same way, never becoming too excited or too disappointed about anything that has passed. When he realized that wasn't enough he had him killed mollie- the rich of Russia who were fine with there previous lives Boxer- the working class Moses- The Russian orthadox churches that had once been shut down during the reign of Stalin. He is also intelligent, being the only animal aside from the pigs that can read fluently. A vain horse who loves sugar and wearing pretty ribbons in her mane, Mollie never much cares about the revolution. So the monopoly of the Pravda was seized by Stalin and his new Bolshevik regime.
But the pigs ensure them that there never has been such a resolution, and that this was an evil lie of Snowball. Based on Leon Trotsky, Snowball is intelligent, passionate, eloquent, and less subtle and devious than his counterpart, Napoleon. He was almost as bad as Hitler Snowball- Trosky he ran against Stalin in the elections and Lenin, the previous leader, had wanted Trosky to take over after him. He is described as an alcoholic and often forgets to see the animals. One such symbol is the cat. The reader is left in the dark for a while, but is later enlightened when Orwell describes the chase of Snowball. They sit inside the farmhouse and celebrate the efficiency of his farm, where the animals work very hard with a minimum of food.
For example, although Napoleon seems at first to be a good leader, he is eventually overcome by greed and soon becomes power-hungry. Orwell mentions the fact that the other farmers became suspicious and worried when their animals began to sing Beasts of England. Due to its allegorical nature, the characters in Animal Farm are meant to represent certain persons or peoples. Boxer: The name Boxer is cleverly used by Orwell as a metaphor for the Boxer Rebellion in China in the early twentieth century. He is the one who calls the meeting in the first chapter to discuss his strange dream. Rumors of the exotic and cruel animal tortures Frederick enacts on his farm are meant to echo the horror stories emerging from Nazi Germany. Benjamin represents the human and also stereotypically Russian tendency towards apathy; he holds fast to the idea that life is inherently hard and that efforts for change are futile.
But in recent years the farm had fallen on harder times and the opportunity was seen to revolt. I'm not so sure who the cat represents either. It was situated somewhere up in the sky, a little distance beyond the clouds, Moses said. Destruction of the Windmill: This destruction is a symbol for the failure of the Five Year Plan. This could be Orwell's attempt to dig Stalin, whom many consider to be someone who totally ignored Marx's political and social theory. These dogs would later be used to eliminate Snowball, his arch-rival. Benjamin symbolises the older generation, the critics of any new rebellion.
Still, Boxer lacks the intelligence and the nerve to sense that he is being used. Just as the windmill was promised to make the animals' life easier, the Five-Year Plans were intended to improve Soviet industry to the point where workers had shortened work-weeks. One more clue is the nature of a cat on a farm: the cat performs a service rodent control and receives benefits milk, shelter. Mr Jones- Tsar Nicholas The pigs of Animal Farm were an allegory of the leaders of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 in Russia led by Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Stalin tried to best to remove religion from daily life because he felt that it threatened his power.
Stalin was very weary of Trotsky and feared that Trotsky supporters might try to assassinate him. He is portrayed as a very untrustworthy neighbour. Jones is overthrown by the animals of Jonesrm, who represent Bolshevik and liberal revolutionaries. Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher The dogs. Moses the raven tells the animals about a mythical place where all animals go when they die. Muriel: Muriel is a knowledgeable goat who reads the commandments for Clover. Pinkeye A pig that Napoleon enlists as his taster, lest someone try to poison him.
The windmill represents the massive infrastructure constructions projects and modernization initiatives that Soviet leaders instituted immediately after the Russian Revolution. Ominously, as Friedrich Hayek points out in The Road to Serfdom 1944 , communist principles had strong proponents among many Allied nations as well. Obviously a metaphor for Stalin, Comrade Napoleon represents the human frailties of any revolution. Boxer and Clover are used by Orwell to represent the proletariat, or unskilled labour class in Russian society. He tells them about his dream of a revolution against the cruel Mr Jones.
At this time the farm was thriving. To learn more, see our. Unfortunately, when Napoleon and Squealer take over, old Major becomes more and more a distant fragment of the past in the minds of the farm animals. This corresponds to many people in the and bourgeosie. The churches came back soon after World war 2 began Benjamin- George Orwell or the people of Russia that didn't care much of communism because they knew it wouldn't change the greedy way of humans.