Suddenly he noticed the men and asked them angrily who they were. They point to the pitiful prayer that he offers to his father, Poseidon, and his warm treatment of his beloved sheep, who are soon to be devoured by Odysseus and his men. But Odysseus, after a random selection, sends half of the weeping men under command of Eurylokhos off to investigate. And here is my tale since setting out from Troy: Our first landfall was , in the land of the. In the evening the wretch came back from shepherding, and drove his flocks into the cave- this time driving them all inside, and not leaving any in the yards; I suppose some fancy must have taken him, or a god must have prompted him to do so. Twenty teams of horses couldn't have budged it.
Odysseus relied on the Cyclops to respect the same rules of piety that govern men though one could also argue that Odysseus was also driven by a vainglorious desire to seek adventure. Each kind was penned separately: by themselves the firstlings, by themselves the later lambs, and by themselves again the newly weaned. Presently he turned sick, and threw up both wine and the gobbets of human flesh on which he had been gorging, for he was very drunk. You wretch, eat up your visitors in your own house? With me I had a goat-skin of the dark, sweet wine, which Maro, son of Euanthes, had given me, the priest of Apollo, the god who used to watch over Ismarus. By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 9-10 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
Odysseus left most of his crew on shore and went with twelve men to the cave, taking along a container of very strong wine. First, he was stopped by Calypso who fell in love with him and held him captive for seven years. This seems to my mind the fairest thing there is. At dawn Polyphemus lit the fire, milked his sheep, and ate two more men for breakfast. This is indeed as fair a sight as a man can see.
Then in the morning when Polyphemus lets the sheep out to pasture, the men escape with them. The foreboding that Odysseus feels as he heads toward the cave, which seems to prompt him to take the wine along, foreshadows his upcoming encounter with Polyphemus and the need for trickery to prevail. Sometimes he is more sensible than his men; sometimes less. Zeus whips up a storm for punishment and shoots a thunderbolt at the ship, wrecking it. They reach his cave - he is still in the pasture - and Odysseus' men want to steal his cheeses and livestock.
But when the Cyclops had filled his huge maw by eating human flesh and thereafter drinking pure milk, he lay down within the cave, stretched out among the sheep. Dante, for example, in the Inferno, relegates Odysseus to the Eighth Pouch of the Eighth Circle of Hell—the realm reserved for those guilty of Spiritual Theft—because of his treachery in the Trojan horse episode that enabled him to slaughter the unwitting Trojans. While we were feasting we kept turning our eyes towards the land of the Cyclopes, which was hard by, and saw the smoke of their stubble fires. He decides that his king ram must be sympathizing with his master because of the whole mutilated eye thing and lets the creature pass. In response, the furious Polyphemus broke off the top of a cliff and threw it in the direction of the ship, so that a wave drove the ship back to shore. Remember the gift you promised me, and I shall tell you. But he heeded not my sacrifice, and only thought how he might destroy my ships and my comrades.
We Cyclopes are stronger than Zeus. The male sheep were well grown, and carried a heavy black fleece, so I bound them noiselessly in threes together, with some of the withies on which the wicked monster used to sleep. No look-out, nobody saw the island dead ahead, nor even the great landward rolling billow that took us in: we found ourselves in shallows, keels grazing shore: so furled our sails and disembarked where the low ripples broke. The thing sizzled like hot metal dropped in water while I twisted it like an auger. Polyphemus decides to sleep in the doorway to the cave in order to keep the mean from escaping, so Odysseus ties each man to the underside of one of the giant sheep that the giant keeps with him in the cave. As for myself there was a ram finer than any of the others, so I caught hold of him by the back, esconced myself in the thick wool under his belly, and flung on patiently to his fleece, face upwards, keeping a firm hold on it all the time. Then he picked up a rock much larger than the first, swung it aloft and hurled it with prodigious force.
But now thou art last of all. Winds prevent them from leaving for a month, and their store of food thins. The Cyclops, meanwhile, can't see to eat the men for their treachery is it treachery if you've imprisoned them in your cave? He has his men carve out a huge wooden pole and sharpen its end in fire. Nor would I, to shun the wrath of Zeus, spare either thee or thy comrades, unless my own heart should bid me. This book also casts light on four other defining themes in the poem: fidelity, obeisance to the gods, temptation, and endurance. For all of his stupidity and brutishness, Polyphemus strikes some commentators as vaguely sympathetic at the end of Book 9. We could almost fancy we heard their voices and the bleating of their sheep and goats, but when the sun went down and it came on dark, we camped down upon the beach, and next morning I called a council.
Is it on some business, or do ye wander at random over the sea, even as pirates, who wander, hazarding their lives and bringing evil to men of other lands? So then, with wailing, we waited for the bright Dawn. Later some dancers entertained Odysseus. Odysseus does not tell them of the imminent death, as they would panic. Then Odysseus should threaten her with death, at which point Circe will offer to sleep with him. Then he lifted on high and set in place the great door-stone, a mighty rock; two and twenty stout four-wheeled wagons could not lift it from the ground, such a towering mass of rock he set in the doorway.
Through Odysseus's tales readers see that he has flaws. There for two nights and two days continuously we lay, eating our hearts for weariness and sorrow. A wizard, grand and wondrous, lived here—Télemos, a son of Eurymos; great length of days he had in wizardry among the Kyklopês, and these things he foretold for time to come: my great eye lost, and at Odysseus' hands. He further predicts that Odysseus will make it alone to his house and slay Penelope's destructive suitors. As he is drinking, the Cyclops demands to know Odysseus' name.