Creole, the leader of the group, is guiding Sonny as they begin to play. This first subtle pairing of music with guilt and pain sets the tone for the story. Baldwin uses the life of two brothers to establish parallelism of personal struggle with society, and at the same time implies a psychological process of one brother leaving his socially ingrained prejudices to understand and accept the other's flaws. The narrator is awkward here, wanting only to hear that Sonny is safe and refusing to accept the fact that he might not be. The man tells the narrator not to worry about Sonny, that maybe he would write to him, but the narrator makes no similar promise. Watching his brother play music opens his eyes to the true struggles his brother has and how even if it may not seem like it, Sonny is a good person who has troubles like everyone else. The story, written in 1957 carries a vital social message for us today.
When Sonny tells him that he wants to be a musician, his brother immediately assumes that this means a classical musician. Sonny has not experienced anything significantly more traumatic than his brother has, but he feels it more intensely. However, their reasons for escaping are completely different and so are the ways in which they manage to do so. The Narrator is a witness to all problems that affected his brother, he tends to be indifferent to all of these if not possessing a strong character in meeting the challenges in his community and of his race. And his triumph, when he triumphs, is ours.
. Parallels are drawn between the father and Sonny, between the Harlem of one generation and the Harlem of the other. She told him that when his father was a young man, he watched his own brother get run down by a car full of white men who never bothered to stop. Or perhaps the world that Sonny has entered by becoming involved in jazz is the danger- if he had not encountered jazz he wouldn't have encountered drugs either. Children filled with hope, feel that they can engage in any profession they want and are naive to the despair of their lives. My essay arrived on time, unique and neatly structured —just exactly what wanted. A second theme reveals suffering caused by guilt.
The narrator of this story had thought that his brother Sonny was safe. He talks about doing terrible things to himself and others, and wanting to escape while knowing that his actions were just digging him farther in. I understood, at last, that he could help us to be free if we would listen, that he would never be free until we did. Sonny reluctantly agreed to do so. Sonny invites his brother to hear him play at a nightclub that night in Greenwich Village. First, the story presents the alienation of Sonny from his brother, the unnamed narrator. Sonny gets just as angry — for his brother never reaching out to him after his arrest, for not accepting that people have different ways of dealing with things, and for not understanding that being a musician isn't what turned Sonny into a drug addict.
While the narrator is initially baffled by Sonny's dream to become a musician, towards the end of the short story, he recognizes that Sonny depends on music and that it is a driving force in his life, possibly one of the only things that keep him alive. This hatred, Baldwin suggests, warps his soul. This section contains 1,098 words approx. Baldwin weaves images and concepts from his past into the story. Art and Expression Baldwin believed in the power of art to save people from suffering, or at least to minimize their suffering. Sonny confides that he wanted to leave Harlem after Mama died, mainly to get away from drugs. However, if such a request is not received using any of the aforementioned methods within the Refund Period, essayseducation.
The narrator begins to have feelings of regret for not being there more for the people he cares about and begins to have more interest in the well being of Sonny. The narrator walked away, telling himself that one day Sonny would need his help. There are many struggles between both characters and their family. The houses they grew up in are long gone, replaced by more housing projects. The street people are a paradigm of life, a kind of representative cross-section of humanity.
The blues which Creole guides Sonny to play are central. The blues become the last and greatest reinforcer of the scapegoat metaphor. Perhaps, they desire to get better grades, or simply procrastinate and have a lack of inspiration. This story is taken place in Harlem, New York in the 1950s. While suffering unites humankind, it is how we choose to cope with this pain that defines us as individuals.
He tried to hide the truancy letters, but one eventually made it to the house. He feels superior to him and rejects his offer and his sympathy. You got to find a way to listen. The narrator believes that his brother is below him because of his drug abuse and life choices. After all, the worlds of jazz and drug addiction are historically intertwined; it could be possible that Sonny's passion for jazz is merely an excuse for his lifestyle and addiction, as the narrator believes for a time. Unconsciously, it is an epiphany that the Narrator would later acknowledge. The brother, then, represents us also as he vividly illustrates our human response to the scapegoat offer.
In this moment, the narrator realizes the harm that his silence while Sonny was in jail has done to their relationship. He wonders if the boys in his class are shooting up, too. He recalls the promise he made to his mother to look after Sonny. The narrator wonders how Sonny looks now, after being picked up for peddling and using heroin the night before. Although the reader does not know what Gregor is specifically transformed into, be it a dung beetle or a bed bug, the metaphor of alienation is still there. It was no longer a lament.