Some sources say Mesopotamia stood out for women's nearly equal status, including the rights to own land, request a divorce and do business in their own names. Additionally, the leaders in both regions were believed to be related to the gods because of the great power they held and the wealth under their control. Due to Egypt surpassing Mesopotamia in areas such as governmental structure. Ancient Egypt, Ancient history, Egypt 948 Words 3 Pages Egypt and Mesopotamia Comparison In order to completely understand the relationship between two events, comparing and contrasting is necessary. This situation likely contributed to Egypt's high regard for the river, which brought a steady supply of water for agriculture, in contrast to Mesopotamia's uneasy relationship with rivers due to frequent destructive flooding.
Mesopotamia vs Egypt Mesopotamia and Egypt are two different that show some difference between them when it comes to their history and growth. This is a major difference in the administrative systems that prevailed in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Most societies that developed in ancient civilizations were centered around their belief systems. In the earlier stages only Pharaoh were believed to resurrect after death and as such dead bodies of Pharaohs were preserved in mummy with other things like cloths, gems, and other items of daily use. Egypt and Mesopotamia had similarities and differences pertaining to their political and social structures. Many of these differences and similarities showed up in the three categories of the technological advances, the types of government, and the geography of the civilization. They also created a beautiful array of pottery and painting.
In Egypt, the Nile would flood once a year depositing rich soil on the ground. Egypt and Mesopotamia had many differences in political structures, beliefs, and economy. Similarities Between Mesopotamia and Egypt Economy Both these civilizations carried out extensive trading but the overtone varied in most cases. Later the practice rolled down to the common people as well. Each area was controlled by its own political and economic center. Mesopotamia was more technological in its approach and the environment was very difficult to manage than the Nile valley.
Literary Tradition Though both Mesopotamia and Egypt used writing as a way to keep records, their methods and objectives were different. Ra was the sun god, and Osiris was the god of Nile and the dead. They built the 1st real cities in China; they also built palaces and temples. Both cultures also believed that they themselves were created for the purpose of serving their gods. There was no organized set of gods; each city-state had its own patrons, temples, and priest-kings. Mesopotamia and Egypt rivers would flood irregularly without warning, often causing damage and sometimes death.
These contrasts included geographic orientation, cultural emphases, political organization and other aspects. In Egypt, women had the ability to divorce their husbands, receive alimony, own land, educate children, and even become priestesses. Mesopotamia was more productive of technological improvements, because their environment was more difficult to manage than the Nile valley. Mesopotamia and Egypt both had a very centralized government, but they both used different methods to see who would become the ruler. However, these privileges did not apply to women. City-state type of government was adopted by the rulers of Mesopotamia.
Pharaohs were humans who were believed to be in contact with the Gods themselves. Bourgeoisie, Indus Valley Civilization, Middle class 2231 Words 6 Pages time. Despite their many similarities, these societies also had several differences, which can be seen in this table: Mesopotamia Ancient Egypt Tigris and Euphrates Rivers flooded irregularly Nile River flooded regularly More pessimistic religious views More positive religious views Kings were appointed by gods Pharaohs were incarnations of gods Cuneiform written language Hieroglyphics written language Both the similarities and differences between these two societies guaranteed their importance to the history of human civilization. The religions in both Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt were polytheistic, meaning they believed in multiple gods and goddesses, and were based on nature. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt developed their civilizations centered on rivers, but these rivers were polar opposites.
So, it is believed that both these civilizations developed on the basis of water. Historians often points out that inter war within the civilization led to its downfall. To the modern observer, the ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations likely seem very similar. During this period Islamic invaders conquered Egypt, and the nation got appropriated by successive Islamic Caliphates and rulers. During the debate on, Does Science Refutes God? Socially, even though both civilizations were patriarchal, the Egyptians were less strict than the Mesopotamians towards their female population. In comparison, second-wave empires adopted many traits from earlier civilizations and elaborated on them or completely changed them.
Middle class consisted of merchants, artisans, laborers, and farmers. To what extent does civilization depend on urban life? The two similarities between Egyptian and Mesopotamian culture are religion and the practice in polytheism, and agriculture and the how Egypt and Mesopotamia relied greatly on rivers for their irrigation. The gods and goddesses were viewed as the supreme controllers of law, weather, and fertility. For example, the god Horus can be shown as a hawk, or as a man with the head of a hawk. Due to its decentralized government, Mesopotamia did not have the unity that Egypt enjoyed.
These two ancient civilizations portrayed many similarities and differences in their cultures. This was especially seen in the higher society. During this period Islamic invaders conquered Egypt, and the nation got appropriated by successive Islamic Caliphates and rulers. Perhaps because of this, the ancient Mesopotamians surpassed the Egyptians in science, especially in technology and innovation. Though Mesopotamians had a king, the ruling was more state-based rather than being a central power based governing system. Prominence, humility, suffering, and exaltation, in that order, are themes that happen to both Thor and Jesus.