If both kidneys are involved, uremia develops as the functional units of the kidneys are destroyed. Prognosis distention of the and with urine; if it is allowed to progress, the functioning units of the kidney are destroyed. The collecting tubules dilate and the muscular walls of the renal pelvis and calices stretch, are replaced by fibrous tissue, and eventually form a large, fluid-filled, functionless sac. In some cases, a badly damaged kidney may have to be removed. The patient usually complains of recurrent attacks of pain in the kidney region. The urinary tract must be drained by whatever means necessary; this may involve a simple dilatation of the ureter or urethra or it may require surgery of the affected kidney. When a blockage occurs, food and drink cannot pass through the body.
It collects in the renal pelvis and flows down the ureters into the bladder. Various congenital deformities of the ureter may sooner or later produce back pressure. Intermittent or partial obstruction is far more common than complete blockage, allowing time for the parts to enlarge gradually. Ultrasound is simple, inexpensive, and very useful for these conditions. The collecting tubules dilate and the muscular walls of the pelvis and calices stretch, are replaced by fibrous tissue, and eventually form a large, fluid-filled, functionless sac. The condition, planned diagnostic procedures, and expected sensations are explained to the patient and family; if the patient is scheduled for a surgical procedure, the surgeon's explanations of the planned procedure are reinforced. The ureters are not simple tubes, but muscular passages that actively propel urine into the bladder.
Surgery will be required if these measures fail. Beginning with standard x rays to look for stones, radiologists, physicians specializing in the use of radiant energy for diagnostic purposes, will select from a wide array of tests. Meticulous skin care is provided to the tube entry site; if urine leaks around the tube, a protective skin barrier is provided to prevent excoriation, and the wound area is bagged to preserve the patient's dignity and to help prevent infection. Andhra Pradesh chose the dam as a temporary measure following objection by Orissa whose border starts only km above the site against constructing a fullfledged conventional dam without its clearance. The prostate gland surrounds the bladder outlet in males. Furthermore, if a ureterovesical valve is absent or incompetent, the pressure generated by bladder emptying will force urine backward into the ureter and kidney, causing dilation even without mechanical obstruction.
They form in the renal pelvis and become lodged in the kidney, usually at the ureterovesical junction. Table 4: Species and sex wise distribution of lethal congenital defects causing still birth or perinatal mortality Congenital defect Animals Cattle Buffalo Male Female Male Female Conjoined twins 2 -- 1 1 Hydrocephalus -- 2 -- -- Fetal hydronephrosis -- -- -- -- Arthrogryphosis -- -- 1 -- Total 2 2 2 1 Grand Total 4 3 Congenital defect Animals Total Goat Male Female Conjoined twins -- -- 4 Hydrocephalus -- -- 2 Fetal hydronephrosis -- 1 1 Arthrogryphosis -- -- 1 Total -- 1 8 Grand Total 1 8 Note: In all the above animals surgery was performed to save the life of mother i. This is usually done with a cystoscope placed in the bladder. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on Oneindia website. Symptoms Hydronephrosis often causes no localizing symptoms, except when it is associated with kidney stones when the primary symptom is severe flank and abdominal pain that radiates to the groin. Stretching of the renal pelvis as a result of obstruction to urinary outflow.
The pain may be described as dull and nagging, or sharp. Such third party cookies may track your use on Oneindia sites for better rendering. If a nephrostomy tube has been inserted, the tube is irrigated as specifically prescribed, checked for patency, and never clamped or allowed to kink. The presence of a hard lump or the particular kinds of sound produced, especially in a child, may help determine whether or not an obstruction exists. Examination of the urine often reveals the presence of pus and blood; there is fever if infection develops. Postobstructive diuresis may cause the patient to lose great volumes of dilute urine over hours or days along with excessive electrolyte loss.
Treatment The obstruction must be relieved, even if it is partial or functional, as in the case of reflux from the bladder. Causes and symptoms Causes are numerous. Urine then flows through the urethra and out of the body as a waste product. In older men, the continued growth of the prostate gland leads commonly to restricted urine flow out of the bladder. Standard x rays can be enhanced with contrast agents in several ways. A dietitian can provide assistance to plan a diet consistent with the treatment plan while including foods that the patient enjoys and will eat. A high bowel obstruction will have a few dilated loops of small bowel in the abdomen.
When is present as a cause or result of the hydronephrosis, urinary antiseptics and antibiotics are administered until the urine becomes sterile. There is pain in the loin, and infection leads to fever and sometimes blood in the urine. Know answer of question : what is meaning of Obstruction in Hindi dictionary? Kusgal told The HolyIndia that while reviewing an objection filed by the Congress he found some arithmetical error in the counting of votes polled in respect of elections held for the Ragalparvi zilla panchayat constituency in Sindhanur taluk. The atony is thought to be induced by placental hormones. Synonym: See: illustration Etiology Anything that obstructs the ureter or bladder may cause hydronephrosis.
They should with the support of teachers and parents strive hard to overcome obstacles to achieve success. Consultation with a trained health care practitioner is necessary. This includes cookies from third party social media websites and ad networks. Obstruction का मतलब मीनिंग हिंदी में जाने. This may be due to simple or malignant prostate enlargement, external pressure on, or a stone or blood clot in, a , tumour of the bladder, inflammatory narrowing of the or even a very tight foreskin phimosis. They may even require surgery.