When censors threatened to wipe out knowledge from past civilizations, this civilization kept the knowledge alive, and passed it on others. No further edits should be made to this section. Algebra was a unifying theory which allowed rational numbers, irrational numbers, geometrical magnitudes, etc. The book was written with the encouragement of as a popular work on calculation and is replete with examples and applications to a wide range of problems in trade, surveying and legal inheritance. Writing only in Arabic is not surprising , because in that time , the Arabic was the only of all Muslims , but that's clear that persons like , and Khwarizmi where Iranians who wrote in Arabic. This is not the same person as Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi d.
Slowly this is coming to end. Kokomoor, Mathematics in Human Affairs, New York 1946, p. Your argument is basically like saying Salman al-Farsi was an Arab because he lived most of his life in Arabia! He also spent time in the courts of Khazars according to some sources. When, in the 12th century, his works spread to Europe through Latin translations, it had a profound impact on the advance of mathematics in Europe. It was much more accurate. Second, Arab is not about an ethnicity.
Neither the Arabic copy nor the Latin translation include the map of the world itself, however Hubert Daunicht was able to reconstruct the missing map from the list of coordinates. The predominance of Persians in intellectual fields was due to cultural trends. I also mentioned Professor Bergen who has corrected the previous texts he wrote :. Halve the roots; the moiety is fifty and a half. Printed in Maps of Ancient Armenia by Roubik Galichian London, 2004. And as you can Biruni lists the Months of Khwarizmians which are all Iranians right after saying the people of Khwarizm are a branch of Persians and all those names have legitimate philological roots.
Here at Wikipedia we only put what reliable sources says. He assisted a project to determine the circumference of the Earth and in making a world map for , the caliph, overseeing 70 geographers. A page from al-Khwārizmī's Algebra Al-Khwārizmī's contributions to mathematics, geography, astronomy, and cartography established the basis for innovation in algebra and trigonometry. This article has seen too many edit wars over something very trivial. There are many reasons behind the Persian origin of Khwarizm people.
The introduction also mentions the then ruling Caliph as having encouraged the production of the text, which I presume means he commissioned it in some fashion, and I hardly think the Caliph was handing out research grants for unconverted academics to write popular textbooks. He wrote many other books on topics such as clocks, sundials and astrolabes. He practiced Astrology common Zoroastrian practice and used Persian date and calendar. And perhaps we can learn a lesson from his example: It was leadership based on meritocracy, not inheritance. Also if we are going to quarrel over the Arabic names of many Iranians, then Baghdad is a Persian non-Arab name.
Tajik, Afghan both are modern names It is importent to specify a correct name for an importent man like Kharazmi. It no longer concerns a series of to be resolved, but an which starts with primitive terms in which the combinations must give all possible prototypes for equations, which henceforward explicitly constitute the true object of study. Please do not modify it. This book had served as a basis for later works and stimulated geographical studies and the composition of original treatises. He was born in the town of Khwarizm now Khiva , in Khorasan province of Persia now in Uzbekistan. Khwarazm was never remotely Arab even.
There remains one, and this is one of the two parts. Creation of Arithmetic Muhammad al-Khwarizmi was responsible for introducing the Arabic numeral system to the Western world. I have shown ample proof that Khwarizmi was Iranian and this is backed by several experts I quoted on Mathematics of the Islamic world. About 825 he wrote On the Calculation with Hindu Numerals, which spread the use of algorithms throughout Europe and the Middle East. He was considered the original inventor of algebra by the scholars in Renaissance Europe though later it became known that his work is based on older Indian or Greek sources. The ancients made no clear distinction between these two fields.
Toomer based his conclusion on this preface and other sources. In fact, it is not hard to distinguish Iranians and Arabs from their names. The book is arranged according to the Greek system of the seven climes aqâlim giving contemporary data but the knowledge acquired by other Muslims is also incorporated into it. How much of the agreed price should he receive?. He then does the same for the rivers and towns. The book Hisâb al-Jabr wa'l-Muqâbalah is actually on applied mathematics.
Figure 7: Two instances of the modern application of algebra: a book of algebra for electronic circuits and a pocket calculator. But Majoosi and Khwarizmi are not Arabic names and do not have Arabic etymologies. The first use of zero as a place holder in positional base notation was probably due to al-Khwarizmi in this work. It is the first book to be written on algebra. He details the Signs for a people who have knowledge. Figure 6: Front cover of Al-Khwarizmi: The Inventor Of Algebra by Corona Brezina Rosen Central, 2006.
His source of inspiration might possibly have been the mappa mundi constructed for Caliph Al-Ma'mun by a team of geographers in which Al-Khwârazmî himself would have been included. The work contains tables for the movements of the sun, the moon and the five planets known at the time. The best way to understand this is to note the close relation between astronomy and mathematics. His book was also the first of the Muslim zijes, or a prediction of the movements of the seven known celestial bodies. He is known as the Father of. Ya'qub bin Tariq is said to be the first Muslim to introduce Indian numbers to Arabs.