In writing history we are all too often casting our historical actors into the rather clichéd roles of successful hero or failed villain. Metternich played an important role in their rights being restored to them. Clemens von Metternich wrote voluminously. The king agreed to the demands of the people but, on the other hand, he sought help from the European powers. In order to answer this question one must go back to the key event in Metternichs youth: the French Revolution.
The main problem was, all the major powers had differing opinions and interests, which made certain a general agreement on a course of action was unlikely. The working system of the Diet and the confederation was loose and complicated. The above occurrences challenged the system of Matternich. A meeting of the Federal Diet of German states was immediately summoned by Metternich in 1819 at Carlsbad. The Metternichs returned three years later, and, although never resuming office, he became a close personal adviser to Emperor Franz Joseph. After studying philosophy, law and diplomacy, he followed his father into a diplomatic career. The Holy Alliance was the brainchild of Tsar Alexander I.
Kissinger's response to Munich and Nazism in A World Restored is pellucid. The Journal of Modern History. I am always above and beyond the preoccupations of most public men I cannot help myself from saying about twenty times a day: how right I am and how wrong they are. This is captured when he said he opposed any other type of government and constitutional change which he felt would inevitably lead to chaos and revolutions. So as far as the purpose of the muscles system, is to keep you alive. We will place among the first the feebleness and the inertia of Governments. From Prince Klemens von Metternich.
They were jealous of one another and each of them was always concerned with the preservation of his own power. Edited by Prince Richard Metternich. Among them, Burschenschaft was the most prominent committee. He studied philosophy at the University of Strasburg, and law and diplomacy at Mainz. More spectacularly Metternich used his diplomatic sleight of hand to slice up the contentious areas such as Saxony and Poland without alienating his two key future allies: Russia and Prussia. Ambassador to France Clemens or Klemens von Metternich was born in Coblenz on May 15, 1773.
Exclusion from the Prussian dominated Zollverein left Austria shut out from Europes most important trading markets. Kissinger believed that idealism had clearly failed throughout America's diplomatic history -- that it led to an inefficient cycle of intense hope and activity abroad followed by morose withdrawal once it became apparent that hope and activity were unlikely to remake the world. For a while, he preserved and strengthened the Habsburg Empire but only in appearance. Even Metternich often seemed unsure of which script he was following: he described himself on one occasion as a kind of lantern which people used to see the way through and on another, as a hopeless man wasting his time propping up buildings mouldering in decay. Outside the sphere of Europe, the Spanish New World during the 1820s was in revolt, as those living in the colonies wanted increased say in their government.
I would like take the example where I experienced systems thinking in my work experience. Yet Metternich only partly succeeded in his plans: the German imperial project came to nothing because Francis steadfastly refused to support it; the Italian confederation did not materialize; and the German confederation, when it at last did come into being in June 1815, was based only on a brief and noncommittal federal act derived from a Bavarian compromise proposal. So why does Metternich lack pulling power? His goal was to keep Austria afloat until Napoleon could be thwarted. On the other hand, he spared himself no pains in defeating him. Metternich opted to support a continuation of historically established Ottoman Turkish rule. From the time that men attempt to swerve from these bases, to become rebels against these sovereign arbiters of their destinies, society suffers from a malaise which sooner or later will lead to a state of convulsion.
The real measure of Metternichs success is the fact that for over 30 years he was able to create the illusion of Austrian strength and obscure the reality of her relative weakness. They asked Metternich for help. Not only this, the students murdered Kotzebue who was a journalist. His marriage in 1795 to Eleonore von Kaunitz, granddaughter of the Austrian state chancellor, gave him access to the highest social and political circles in the Austrian Empire. Perhaps most notoriously he issued the Carlsbad decrees in 1819 which sought to suppress almost all dissident thought within the German confederation. When the revolution broke out in France in 1848, the system of Metternich was demolished. The most important requirement again is the measure of services that these enterprise system provide annual data per need vs.
Metternich was at the zenith of his power. His megalomaniac personality and ambitious thirst for battles made France a great power in Europe. Let them maintain religious principles in all their purity, and not allow the faith to be attacked and morality interpreted according to the social contract or the visions of foolish sectarians. Supported by the British foreign secretary, , Metternich sought to prevent the elimination of France, which he saw as a necessary counterweight against Russia. Austria was now in urgent need of a respite, which Metternich obtained by forming the project of a marriage between the archduchess , a daughter of Francis I, and Napoleon, whose vanity Metternich cleverly exploited. The rest of his career was, in a sense, one long reaction.
And yet in terms of the numbers of A-Level students writing essays about him he is a long way down the historical hit parade, trailing after such apparently more exciting figures as Napoleon, Bismarck, Cavour, Gladstone, Lenin, Stalin and of course Hitler. By the end of 1818, Alexander I had become a true follower of the policy of Metternich. He condemned, however, the repressive measures by which the police minister tried to achieve these aims. I recently read a collection of memoirs of the Congress of Vienna from various famous participants, both the powerful sovereigns and diplomats as well as the ladies accompanying them. George Shultz and James Baker were more substantial presences, but their substance had much more to do with their common sense than with their intellectual creativity of which Shultz had some and Baker less. It became clear to them that Austria was the real master of Italy and Metternich was the bitter enemy of the independence and political unity of Italy.