Written communication tends to dominate within this type of structure. Words: 2767 - Pages: 12. I was a sales associate for a company where I had the freedom to do whatever I wanted, work when I felt like working and authority to make my own decisions. Although these differences between organizations or enormous, they are many similarities that enable them to be classified into models. There are two basic forms of organizational structure: mechanistic and organic structures.
Critically evaluate this statement in relation to the Mechanistic and Learning perspectives. Those upper-level employees normally hold tight control over the employees below them, outlining processes and rules that must be adhered to throughout daily business operations. Organizing involves the structuring of the resources of the organization in order to achieve its objectives. Organizations that use a Mechanistic type of structure generally do not need to change or adapt their structure. Careful selection of which decisions to push down the hierarchy and which to hold at the top is required. Efficiency and predictability are emphasized through specialization, standardization, and formalization.
What has worked better for you at work? When mechanistic structures are viewed outside a business environment we can see them in force throughout our levels of government, in private enterprise, in schools and universities. The schemes are about how people view the reality, what school of thought these people belong to, what kind of scientific tolls their use to carry out the science and what kind of metaphors can describe their way of thinking. There are two basic forms of organizational structure or designs mechanistic and organic structures. The following are about the paradigms, organizational structure and the role of culture in the organisation. Abstract Organic and Mechanistic Organizations Categories: Mechanistic and Organic Systems Summary of Organic and Mechanistic Organizations by Burns and Stalker. Philips Healthcare with Organic Structure The global healthcare market is dynamic and growing.
The organizational design of a company establishes the hierarchy, the workflow and corporate culture of a company. Mechanistic organisation structure expects subordinates to obey and be loyal to superiors and the organisation. It is widely accepted that within contemporary society there exists two overarching structures that facilitate the communication between individuals, organisations and various bodies. The five structures include the following: 1 Simple structure apex has low complexity and formality and authority is centralized. Therefore, when you do business with an organisation or getting into a new job, it is always a great idea to get to know and understand their organisational structure. With this structure I was free to delegate my tasks according to my own schedule as I had gained much needed experience. The environment is unpredictable but because of the freedom afforded the employees and management it is better maintained.
Dynamic environments require an organic structure because of their unpredictability. History In the early twentieth century, the Industrial Age was well under way and mass production had taken hold. Many organizations adopting an organic structure implement open floor plan workspace, where verbal communication is valued more than constant written communication. Employees at the lower levels of the organization can become frustrated with their inability to offer input or operate outside of the rigid structure. In the past managers have simply tried to reorganize or work with the current structure of a business rather than addressing the necessary issues. A paradigm is constituted, in part, by the rules which are generally accepted as necessary to follow in order to produce good knowledge Jackson and carter, 2007.
Words: 8180 - Pages: 33. Strategies also change as sizes changes. Centralization and Decentralization a Centralization concerns the centralization of authority in an organization and the degree and levels at which it occurs. That argument lies at the heart of their article, that ties structure to performance. People at lower levels perform comparatively simpler tasks. The mechanistic structure is best suited for companies that operate in a stable and certain environment.
Stalker - The Management of Innovation - Compare with Mechanistic and Organic Systems: ©2016 Value Based Management. . The organisational structure tells you the character of an organisation and the values it believes in. Discuss the significance of such an approach within current organisational environments, making reference to the Organic and Mechanistic perspectives. Without a doubt this is not the right model regardless of how many tools, steps and measures are classified for managing in this way. Managers must decide how mechanistic versus how organic to make the entire organization and each of its departments.
This is done by departments and different functional areas being closely integrated with one another. Rules are implemented and rarely deviated from while there is also a very clear chain of command to delegate responsibilities and power throughout the organization. Businesses have entered in a new era, the era of hyper-competition, more competitive as they become more global. Article shared by : This article will help you to differentiate between mechanistic and organic organisation structure. This will ensure better supervision of the employees through proper guidance and control. Based on its size and product offerings, the organization will adopt functional organization structure, which is the most basic and logical form of structure.
In contrast, an organic organization is more equipped to react efficiently. There is one Managing Director who is also being responsible for financial aspect of the business. So it is important to analyse the organisation in which we are involved. Division of labour by functional specialization: A maximum possible division of labour makes it possible to utilize, in all links of the organization, experts who are fully responsible for the effective fulfillment of their duties. Organic structures are appropriate in unstable, turbulent, unpredictable environments and for non-routine tasks and technologies. Both structures have worked for me in the past because I come from a Real Estate background. You are also given an employee handbook consisting of a couple hundred pages of administrative rules and procedures to which you are subject.