He worked assiduously for the upliftment of the downtrodden like the Dalits and gave them a new identity. Permit the free collection or manufacture of salt by persons near the sea coast. These three significant struggles brought Gandhiji in close contact with the masses. In 1921, he became the leader of the Indian National Congress, a nationalist political party in India, which demanded nondiscriminatory laws, equal rights for men and women, peaceful inter-religious relations, overthrow of the caste system, and above all, Indian independence. He stood against the Government which believed in racialism. No one is ready to sacrifice their independence at any cost, and so the Indians started their 200 year-long fight against the British colonists.
A compromise formula put forward by Dr B. Gandhi also received in another occasion a serious blow from a English man. The visit of the Prince of Wales in November 1921 also led to the observance of hartal all over the country on the day the prince landed in Bombay. Gandhi's contribution to the Indian freedom movement cannot be measured in words. He was for balanced economic growth and decentralisation of economy. The British government wanted to be ready with severe laws to keep Indians in their knees. Advocated the use of Khaadi in order to improve the lot of the villages.
Kripalani, Narhari Parekh and Mahadev Desai Gandhiji reached Champaran in 1917. Putli Bai gave him permission to go abroad. Thousands of people joined him and made it one of the biggest marches in Indian history. Indians then defied the law and did not form lines before the registering office for registration. While in the later years of the Raj economic factors like the reversing trade fortunes between Britain and India and the cost of fielding the Indian armed forces abroad lumped on the British tax payer by the 1935 Government of India act, had mounting implication for British administration, united resistance further drew light on the growing disparity of the British failures to achieve solidarity over India. During these movements by Mahatma Gandhi, a lot of political leaders and followers got imprisoned for a long period of time. In towns across North and West India, life came to a standstill, as shops shut down and schools closed in response to the bandh call.
The leadership of Mahatma Gandhi had a beneficial impact. The progress of the movement: Violation of salt laws all over the country was soon followed by defiance of forest laws in Maharashtra, Karnataka and the central provinces and refusal to pay the rural chaukidari tax in eastern India. The Second Round Table Conference September 7, 1931 The second session September—December 1931 was attended by Mahatma Gandhi as the Congress representative; it failed to reach agreement, either constitutionally or on communal representation. Indians who wished colonialism to end were asked to stop attendingschools, colleges and law courts, and not pay taxes. Britain and her allies loudly declared that they were fighting to preserve the right of all nations to determine their own destinies. British failed to suppress the movement. Both the organizations agreed for a joint action for political demands.
Indian leaders were unhappy because the Commission proposed a limited transfer of power in the provinces with many restrictions. It was , however, that held the longest power in the country. The Government agreed to: i. However, ultimately emerged as the predominant power. Unlike other leaders he did not stand apartfrom the common folk, but empathised and even identified with them.
The Viceroy was also informed of the stance assumed by the Congress. A country wide campaign was already launched by Gandhi on 6th April, 1919 against the Rowlatt act. In the 21st century, people of democratic India is forgetting the importance Mahatma Gandhi and his contribution to the Indian national movement. Gandhi ji started focussing on expanding initiatives against untouchability, alcoholism and removal of all bad habits. In the traditional Indian society torn apart by caste and creed based discriminations, satyagraha stated that no work was lowly.
The people joined hartals, demonstrations and the campaign to boycott foreign goods and to refuse to pay-taxes. The nation once again entered mass civil disobedience marked by anti-war speeches and refusal to assist in the war efforts. Adding to this was the serious economic crisis that took hold of the country. High Courts should be under the administrative control of the Govt of India. Young Mohandas being seduced decided to eat meat secretly.
The cotton textile industry is rightly described as swadeshi industry. It was called the Black Act and it was widely opposed. Mahatma Gandhi led the national freedom struggle against the British rule. A notable feature of the movement was the wide participation of women. Repressive measures by the Govt Congress leaders ere arrested. Mahatma Gandhi with the charkha has become the most abiding image of Indian nationalism. He led and made many campaigns and described satyagraha in the true essence.
The initiatives in Champaran, Ahmedabad and Kheda marked Gandhiji out as a nationalist with a deep sympathy for the poor. It was in these years that the League began to make a mark in the Punjab and Sind, provinces where it had previously had scarcely any presence. During his stay at London for three years he acquired wide knowledge through deep study. The Congress, in its turn consented to the following: i. The Rowlatt Act was ruthlessly applied leading to Jallianwallah Bagh massacre at Amritsar on 13th April 1919. They assured best possible reforms for India after the end of the war. Congress became a revolutionary organization because it adopted a new and changed programme.