Again, one can see that the line between literary and non-literary language is a very fine one and that the decision whether a text is literary or not largely depends on the way we look at the text and perceive its language. Eliot, Saussure and Frye were some of the famous critics. Realism refers to the depiction of subjects as they appear in every day life. Thus, a group of 16th-century writers known as the —notably and Joachim du Bellay—were simultaneously classicists, poetic innovators, and advocates of a purified vernacular tongue. Wellek and Warren consider genres to be continually shifting, with good writers conforming to but ultimately expanding them. Although most people have some idea of what the term 'literature' means, the concept often remains vague and students, when asked about distinct features of literary texts, start to falter. Originally consisting of twenty chapters — one was cut in later editions — Theory of Literature describes various aspects of , , and.
Myths, , and lie at the beginning of literature, and their plots, situations, and allegorical metaphorical narrative judgments of life represent a constant source of literary inspiration that never fails. Lyric poetry Lyric poetry never gets far from its origins, except that some of its finest examples—Medieval Latin, Provençal, Middle High German, Middle French, Renaissance—which today are only read, were actually written to be sung. Encyclopaedists and textual commentators explained the supposed Christian content of pre-Christian works and the. In a worldwide urban civilization, which has taken to itself the styles and discoveries of all cultures past and present, the future of literature is quite impossible to determine. We lean on its truths. Outdoor literature is the literature of adventure devoted to the whole exploration of an event.
In all such cases, literature is offered as part of foreign language syllabi, whereas the picture is more varied when it comes to foreign language culture, which is also delivered in a wider range of institutions such as a business school, polytechnic or college. In the Western tradition, it is only in comparatively modern times that literature has been written in the common speech of cultivated men. So the analysis of prose rhythm is more difficult to make than, at least, the superficial analysis of poetry. Literature allows us to enter a separate sphere of the imaginary where alternative possible worlds may be explored. It is doubtful that anyone today would agree with the simplistic terms in which Taine states his thesis. . The science of Newton and the psychology of Locke also worked subtle changes on neoclassical themes.
Film makers and playwrights use a historical event to put their own views and a fictional storyline across with a realistic setting as a backdrop. Oral and written literature are the two major forms of literature. Is the artist or writer a technician, like a cook or an engineer, who designs and constructs a sort of machine that will elicit an aesthetic response from his audience? Although Henry James wrote about the upper classes and about workingmen, both were, in fact, members of an elite and were read by members of an elite—moreover, in their day, those who read Zola certainly considered themselves more of an elite than did the readers of Henry James. It has been said of the most French poet, , that in every French small town there was a youth who carried his poems in his heart. The decline of Neoclassicism is hardly surprising; literary theory had developed very little during two centuries of artistic, political, and scientific ferment.
As these films attest, much mythology still has some influence on the social function of literature and can be used in many mediums. Published writings in a particular style on a particular subject Any art form that uses language in either written or spoken form. His insightful observations invite further research as a wealth of other literary examples come to mind which could also be drawn on to substantiate his theses. Several currents joined to make possible the writing of systematic and ambitious literary histories. Since the influence of folk song upon popular song has not just been great; it has been determinative.
Most theories of base themselves on an analysis of , because the aesthetic problems of literature are there presented in their simplest and purest form. The main difference is that realism tends be concerned with viewing the character scientifically. On the other hand folk literature borrows themes and, very rarely, patterns from elite literature. Their original purpose was to entertain and to receive payment for it; but seen in retrospect their effect, their function was then regarded as significant and of importance. So what is it that makes literary texts so ambiguous? Criticism can antagonize authors even when it performs its function well. And indeed its central meaning, at least, is clear enough. This meant that the action of a play should not spread beyond the events of one day and, best of all, should be confined within the actual time of performance.
The test in individual cases would seem to be one of enduring satisfaction and, of course, truth. A few writers remain confined to the elite. Literature as a collection of Critics have invented a variety of systems for treating literature as a collection of. The computer does not herald the death of literature, but rather »a shift from one technology to another« 116. An autobiography is the story of the author's own life written by the author himself. Chinese poetry is almost exclusively lyric, meditative, and elegiac, and rarely does any poem exceed 100 lines—most are little longer than Western sonnets; many are only quatrains.
Romanticism is about nature and simplicity, while classicism defines complexity. French seventeenth-century literaturecontains, along with Comeille and Racine, La Rochefoucauld'smaxims, Bossuet's funeral speeches, Boileau's treatise on poetry,Madame de Sevigne's letters to her daughter and the philosophy ofDescartes and Pascal. Since lyric poetry is either the actual text of or else is immediately derived from song, it is regular in structure nearly everywhere in the world, although the elements of patterning that go into producing its rhythm may vary. »Overture and Themes« is the heading of the opening chapter in which Jusdanis outlines the aims, methodology and central themes of his book as well as commenting on challenges raised by his broad historical outreach. In short, most philosophical works that rank as great literature do so because they are intensely human.
They were a civic drama expressive of the place and power of the Greek City States and suggested that past history and the powers above them were with them. Wellek later recalled that people often told him it was difficult to tell who had written which chapter without consulting the book's introduction. We will now look into fiction and non-fiction literature as two major types of literature, and also consider the various types of oral literature. Thus, a further set of distinctions is introduced without further elaboration. This ties genre theory to the history of literature.