The Klan members got so tired of being chased away that they started lighting their crosses in Woodland Cemetery across the street, where there was a fence to protect them. How did local communities and the nation as a whole respond to the phenomenon of the 1920s Klan? They were among six alumni honored at the 50th anniversary awards ceremony. Box 12256 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 Phone: 919 549-0661 Fax: 919 990-8535 Copyright© 2012 National Humanities Center. After the war, farmers were left with a heavy burden of debt. In 1921, a newspaper exposé detailed more than 100 acts of Klan-sponsored vigilante violence and prompted a congressional investigation, but the ensuing publicity only made the Klan stronger. Outside in the cold they faced their attackers. Due to the investigation, Daugherty, Denky, and Fall were forced to resign.
The 1920s were a period of overall change between the traditional values and thenew ways. This plan was renegotiated and modified in 1929 by U. Women all over the country were beginning to takeon more and more of the habits of their male counterparts and were leaving behind theiroriginal responsibilities. He was defended by noted criminal lawyer Clarence Darrow, while the famous fundamentalist William Jennings Bryan aided the prosecution. The Republican Presidents of the 1920's attempted to promote peace and scale back expenditures on defense by arranging treaties. Happy with decision because they believed they believed in the traditional view of creation. Becoming popular across the partisan divide, he traveled nationwide delivering his humorous take on the day's events.
That was unheard of in that day. Adding to these conflicts were hard-to-define shifts in cultural values. Second Clan of the 1920s Activities -The revived Klan appealed to new members based on current social tensions, and stressed responses to fears raised by immigration and mass migrations within industrializing cities: it became anti-Jewish, anti-Catholic, anti-immigrant and later anti-Communist. These quotas favored northwestern Europeans at the expense of Asians. In this interview, Harold Sheats, the former City Attorney of East Point, a town outside Atlanta explains, that he joined the Klan when he realized that many other city officials were already members. Some estimates place membership as high as 25 percent. To get his sentence lightened, he implicated other Indiana officials whose corrupt activities were widely reported.
The Ku Klux Klan was formed based on anti-immigrant sentiment and mistrust of African Americans, Roman Catholics, Jews, and Japanese. The Science of Race The trial highlighted an upsurge in nativism, or a fear of foreign peoples and foreign ideas. Its governor, Edward Jackson, was a close friend of the , a pudgy man with a reputation for high living, carousing, and trouble with the law. The activities of Klansmen ranged from issuing threats and burning crosses to outright violence and atrocities such as tarring and feathering, beating, lynching, and assassination. The rebirth and resurgence of the Ku Klux Klan peaked at 4 - 5 million members but by 1928 its membership had dropped to a few hundred thousand members. A more urban character was evident in the North. Scott Fitzgerald, Sinclair Lewis Internationalism Washington Naval Conference, Kellogg Briand The 1920s was a decade of extreme tension between new, change-based attitudes and old, nostalgic attitudes.
Though the advocates of prohibition had argued that banning sales of alcohol would reduce criminal activity, it in fact directly contributed to the rise of organized crime. Selections can be divided among students for research and classroom discussion. They also believed in nativism. To facilitate spending, consumer credit was greatly expanded and installment plans offered money upfront for families to spend. This second-wave Klan emerged as a morality police to fight immigration, minorities, and the loose morals of speakeasies, bootlegging, and political corruption.
Republican motherhood was slowly disappearing in the UnitedStates. Prohibition With ratification of the 18 th Amendment to the Constitution, the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages became illegal in the United States. This increased use of credit and resulting careless spending created a superficial prosperity that crashed with the Stock Market in 1929. The Scopes Trial, prohibition, nativism, Ku Klux Klan, and the case of Saccor and Vanzetti all underlined the idea of fundamentalism vs. Internal squabbles and power struggles led to the ouster of Simmons from his leadership post later that year, and he was replaced by a dentist from Texas named Hiram Evans.
American Artist Ben Shahn painted a famous series of paintings based on the trial and the death of the two immigrants. Strikes, riots and flu epidemics had convinced many Americans that the nation had entered a frightening era of change. The Klan of the 1920s emerged not to defend the South and her political institutions, but to protect America from itself. Smith was a Roman Catholic and appealed to many immigrants. The first American to win the Nobel Prize for literature, Main Street 1920 was a satire on the dullness and lack of culture in a typical American town. It was influenced by the changing role of women, the Social Gospel movement, and scientific knowledge.
In some ways, it was this superficially innocuous Klan that was the most insidious of them all. The presidencies of Harding, Coolidge, and Hoover maintained the practice of… Religion was at the forefront of social tensions. Union efforts at strikes usually failed. Though Stephenson first ran for office in Indiana as a Democrat, the Klan eventually aligned itself with the Republican Party, which controlled most of the state at the time. In this period, its public statements were more likely to attack Jews, Catholics, and immigrants than African Americans. The Klan involved itself in elections, and through this they were able to exert a fair amount of influence, to the point where in some communities like Kokomo it's reported that you really had to join the Klan to have a shot at a political appointment. I myself profoundly believe in separation of church and state.