Tarbell meticulously documented the aggressive techniques Standard Oil employed to outmaneuver and, where necessary, roll over whoever got in its way. This era was certainly regarded as the golden age of muckraking, as they advocated greater societal reform and justice for the workers. They believed that the price of oil thus exported could easily be advanced 50 per cent. In a sense, Wells practiced what today is often lauded as data journalism, as she scrupulously kept records and was able to document the large numbers of lynchings which were taking place in America. Titusville was gay, confident of its future.
The muckrakers did not represent a single political viewpoint. In 1900 this material was published in a two-volume book,. Rockefeller began to gather the oil markets into his hands he had a task whose field was literally the world, for already, in 1871, the year before he first appeared as an important factor in the oil trade, refined oil was going into every civilised country of the globe. And then the house was shut up, and crape was put on all the doors, and I was told that Lincoln was dead. After graduation Miss Tarbell taught school for some time at Poland, Ohio, but she was not in her element there.
The family moved to Rouseville, a village on Oil Creek, and later to Titusville. Retiring to Easton In 1906, not long after her rise to fame, Tarbell purchased a home in , Connecticut. Rockefeller and his friends were occupied with all these questions certain Pennsylvania refiners, it is not too certain who were occupied with all these questions certain Pennsylvania refiners, it is not too certain who, brought to them a remarkable scheme, the gist of which was to bring together secretly a large enough body of refiners and shippers to compel all the railroads handling oil to give to the company formed special rebates on its oil, and drawbacks on that of others. It was in Quebec that Sinclair met his wife, Meta Fuller. Franklin Tarbell was run out of business by Rockefeller, a fact that played a significant role years later when Franklin's oldest child, Ida, was an established journalist in New York. Suddenly, Steffens was in the spotlight again, writing articles and giving lectures. Ballinger, who was the Secretary of Interior, opened public lands in Wyoming, Montana, and Alaska against Roosevelt's conservation policies.
Later in life, she became a popular lecturer for almost 20 years on the Chautauqua circuit, and also wrote many other books, including nine about Lincoln. Grew Up in Oil District Ida Minerva Tarbell was born on a farm in Erie County, Pa. If, as he claimed, the oil business belonged to him, and if, as he had announced, he was prepared to refine all the oil that men would consume, it followed as a corollary that the markets of the world belonged to him. On September 14, 2002, the United States Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp honoring Tarbell as part of a series of four stamps honoring women journalists. Robert Louis Stevenson, Mark Twain, J.
The exposé resulted in federal action and eventually in the breakup of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey under the 1911 Sherman Anti-Trust Act. The railroads indeed were the first to succumb, knowing as they did that what they were doing was contrary to the common law of the land, and being thundered at as they were by the press and politicians of all the country. She was hired by McClure's magazine in 1894, and her series on Abraham Lincoln nearly doubled the magazine's circulation. He and his fellows felt as the men in the Oil Region did, that the breaking up of the South Improvement Company was a necessity for self-existence. These investigative journalists were trying to make the public aware of problems that needed fixing. The buyer must receive his oil promptly, in good condition, and of the grade he desired. The couple moved around Europe for another year, studying in London, England, and Paris, France, and visiting Italy before sailing back to New York.
In short, the scheme they worked out put the entire oil business in their hands. By examining thousands of public documents and newspaper articles, Tarbell gradually exposed how Rockefeller had manipulated the oil business into a monopoly called Standard Oil. In 1883 she met Dr. The local stations from which the dealer is served to-day are models of their kind, and one can easily believe they have always been so. Upton Sinclair and The Jungle Upton Sinclair was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1878, the son of a distinguished Southern family that had fallen onto hard times.
Undoubtedly, Tarbell will be remembered for her extremely dangerous journalistic feat. He wrote The Story of a Great Monopoly, published in the March 1881. Her investigations of Standard Oil for McClure's, which ran in 19 parts from November 1902 to October 1904, were collected and published as The History of the Standard Oil Company in 1904. Back then, the few women in media handled the society pages, but Tarbell had other ideas. She also wrote several books on the role of women including 1912 and 1915. Her book was listed as No.
In 1906, Tarbell, along with fellow investigative reporters Lincoln Steffens and Ray Stannard Baker, left McClure's and bought the American Magazine, which she co-edited and wrote for until 1915. In the spring of 1900, when he was twenty-one, he abandoned his thriving career and moved to a cabin in the woods of Quebec, Canada, to focus on his writing. Who is entitled to better rebates from a railroad, those who give it for transportation 5,000 barrels a day, or those who give 500 barrels—or 50 barrels? Roosevelt and Riis became longtime friends. What did it mean to the Oil Region? The Oil Region did not learn of it until it had actually been put into operation in Cleveland, Ohio, and leaked out. Tarbell actually objected to the term, for she felt it belittled work she believed to be of historical importance.