Rephrasing, re-organizing an argument, and synthesizing different arguments in your own words makes it clear that you understand what you've researched and makes the paper interesting to read. The process for citing a quote which contains more than four lines of prose or text differs slightly from that of a shorter quote. Most colleges and organizations use a variety of citation styles. Year, Month Date of Publication. Whenever it is necessary to write dialogue, write the words said by each party, regardless of how brief, as a separate paragraph.
. Read more about How to Cite a Research Paper in Chicago Style The is commonly used in humanities. No Author Named Encyclopedia of Photography. Red noses, warm hearts: The glowing phenomenon among North Pole reindeer. You can include these together in a parenthetical citation, or you can mention one in your writing and the other in a parenthetical citation. Start the quotation on a new line, with the entire quote indented ½ inch from the left margin; maintain double-spacing. The author's last name and year must be included together in the parentheses, or you can mention the name of the author in your writing and put just the year in parentheses afterwards.
Note: there is no comma between the author last name and page number. Long quotations For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. It's easier to argue against someone if you're using exactly what they said and pointing out its flaws. Include all spelling and grammatical mistakes as well, even if you are aware they are incorrect. A legitimate paraphrase: No matter what condition your body is in, you can pretty much guarantee that poor health habits will lead to a lack of academic success. Your paper is part of a larger whole, which may be part of an even larger whole.
In order to save the golden mean follow the next rule: if you think that you should use a quote, then analyze used citation in at least three lines. More is to follow on citing the paraphrase. Now the author would just continue writing after double spacing. After you bite down on that meat, you need the other piece of bread to round out the meal. When they check the source, they will find two different articles.
You can include brackets in a quote to give a few words, typically the name of a person or place that the quote is focusing on, to help the reader understand the context. Doe wrote this for history scholars, the concluding chapters will be comprehendible to any learned layperson. Too many quotes tend to bury the lead. Causes of the Civil War. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. This makes reading the text less crammed on the eye and allows the professor to make necessary comments in a neat and organized manner.
You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay. Newsbank: Health 1987 : fiche 3, grid G2. If you don't have one start early so you can use the computers available at school. Peer-reviewed articles offer authoritative information of the highest quality that scholarly disciplines can provide. For this style, after every paraphrase, you include the surname of the author and the date of writing.
Include the type of paper after the title. The citation style often depends on the professor, so always check before beginning a paper. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as an article or italicize it if it's a longer work e. They may greatly reinforce your evidence and arguments. Cable News Network, 21 Jan.
When Not to Cite a Source You do not have to cite your source if the information you use is common knowledge. The title of the paper is written in title case, meaning that most adjectives, nouns, and verbs are capitalized, but articles and conjunctions are not. The way we avoid plagiarism is by citing sources. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966. Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship behavior. Books and Reference Books One Author Frye, Northrup.