While income derived from remittances is not known, it is estimated to be increasing by the year. The northern part of the country has the Loess plateau. The first two cannot sustain the economy long-term, and Afghan policymakers faced a challenge to develop a strategy to grow other sectors of the economy. The remaining ethnic groups were Tajik 25 percent , Hazara 19 percent and Uzbek 6 percent. However, the continuing war reduced production significantly. Although Afghanistan produced over 100,000 tons of coal annually as late as the early 1990s, the country was producing only around 4,000 tons as of 1998. By 1990 the country had 195 centers providing such childcare services.
According to the , medication was scarce. Almost all manufacturing businesses have shut down or are producing at well below capacity because of the damage caused during the war and the lack of raw materials available in the country. Afghanistan has been a member of the United Nations since 19 November 1946. In 1991, a new gas field was discovered in Chekhcha, Jowzjan province. Lower courts apply Shia law in cases dealing with personal matters for Shia followers. Afghanistan is a strategic piece of real estate in the geopolitical struggle for power and dominance in the region. The northern frontier extends approximately 1,689 km 1,049 mi southwestward, from the Pamir Mountains in the northeast to a region of hills and deserts in the west, at the border with Iran.
Afghanistan's population was estimated at 26. Sanctions are imposed unilaterally or multilaterally by states onto countries that violate international norms of behavior and can take many forms, from denying government aid or other benefits to banning any form of trade. The Taliban was led by Mullah Mohammed Omar. Afghanistan is located on the. The honorific is not hereditary. About 29% of school-aged children are enrolled at the primary level.
Senate Foreign Relations Committee heard a report in 1998 about the mistreatment of female doctors. During its brief history, this Marxist party had been riven by a bloody struggle between its pro-Soviet Parcham flag faction and its larger Khalq masses faction. In the villages and small towns, a tax to benefit the poor is levied on each man. Besides gas and oil, Afghanistan is also estimated to have significant coal reserves probable reserves of 400 million tons , most of which are located in the northern part of the country. The coalition forces also targeted members of the Hezb-e Islami group, whose leader, Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, has similar aims as the Taliban —to fight a jihad to remove the Americans from Afghanistan and unseat 's government. Twelve of the twenty-five nongovernmental relief agencies operated informal education centers. Much of the countryside remained under mujahedeen control as the insurgency waged on year by year, while in Kabul, Soviet advisers assumed control of most Afghan government agencies.
. But as of 2001 the country was able to produce enough food no longer. From 1747 until 1978, all of Afghanistan's rulers were from Durrani's Pashtun extended tribe and, after 1818, all were members of that tribe's Mohammadzai clan. The Taliban's successful rise to power was attributed to the substantial help that it received from the Pakistani government combined with the inability of the opposing parties to organize themselves and join together to form an effective opposition. There were 107 males for every 100 females in the country. In fact, entire provinces surrendered to the movement with very little resistance.
The tourism industry, developed with government help in the early 1970s, has been negligible since 1979 due to internal political instability. Even afterwards, it actively works for the mutual alliance and unity of the Muslims. Although elementary schools were located throughout the country, secondary schools were generally located only in larger cities. In 2002, the Interim and Transitional governing authorities were working with donor aid agencies to finance the rebuilding of Afghanistan's infrastructure and society. The country's Caspian tigers have virtually disappeared.
However, the country's cotton mills, woolen textiles, and cement plants were still not producing at full capacity. The unemployment rate was estimated at 40% in 2005. The border with Iran runs generally southward from the across swamp and desert regions before reaching the northwestern tip of Pakistan. Many eminent figures of Arab and Persian intellectual history were born or spent their careers in what is now Afghanistan. The northern regions around Maz ār-e Sharif and Maymanah were the home range for about six million karakul sheep in the late 1990s.
Wind velocity is high, especially in the west. The country was both a source and transit point for trafficking. An estimated 1,000 women throughout Afghanistan participated in university entrance examinations in 2002. The president and his family are murdered in a military coup, and Nur Mohammed Taraki becomes president of a new communist-style regime. River Indus System is known as Indus System. Beginning in 1953, Afghanistan again closely aligned itself with the former. The country's small Hindu and Sikh population is estimated at less than 3,000.