Separate each element with a comma, then add a period after the page number. Still, you should read the full guide in order to succeed. Type the entire page in the regular format, except for the number that should be superscript. Each time you add a footnote on this page, another number will be added to the list. Footnotes are difficult for printers to format, and they can intrude on the flow of the text. Word adds a small superscript number where you placed the insertion point.
If the information or quote you are referencing in an academic paper or book comes from a source, you will need to give your reader the necessary information to look up the information in that source. Use a numbered footnote only to supply the source of long quotes. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 30 11 , 1659-1666. Ask yourself, is this supplementary or tangential information that would otherwise disrupt the narrative flow of the text or is this essential information that I should integrate into the main text? Sentence case for article, book, book chapter, web page titles; title case for journal titles. Footnotes and endnotes are both ways of adding extra bits of information to your writing outside of the main text. In that group, click the button that says Insert Footnote. Change the Layout of Footnotes and Endnotes By default, Word creates footnote and endnote lists with the same layout as the page on which they appear.
However, sometimes it is appropriate to use them when you need to provide supplementary content or the status of copyright permissions. Title of proposition in italics. Copyright 2013 by Sage Publications. See Blackmore and Fright 51-58, Lawson 19-25, Johnson 41-62. When referring to a previous footnote in your writing, treat it as an in-text citation rather than rewriting the footnote. However, the general rule of thumb is to use a separate page.
Formatting the Notes Signal a footnote in the text with a superscript numeral. Invisteringar i forsvaret og andre saker. Note: If information on volume is missing exclude this from the reference. The endnote numbers, however, should precede dashes if these punctuation marks appear in the endnotes. Castafiore, Milanese Nightingale, 377 emphasis added. Title in italics Master's thesis. Journal title in italics, volume issue , pages.
Whether you use Microsoft Word for personal or professional writing, sometimes you may want to add supplemental notes to sections of your work. Scientists examined—over several years 1—the fossilized remains of the wooly-wooly yak. Instead of changing each one individually, this option lets you change them all at once. A process-centric ship design management framework. Health Psychology, 26 4 , 513-517. For examples, see also Brown and Spiers 24-50, Chapel 30-45, and Philips 50-57.
The number that precedes them is the page reference. Including page numbers for a direct quote: When citing ideas verbatim from another source, the citation to the original source includes page numbers pp. To insert a superscript and add an endnote, use Microsoft Word that has a corresponding function under the References tab in Insert. All first Endnote references must be cited in full. Footnotes may also appear on the final page of your document usually this is after the References page.
In Word, add the abbreviation to the first citation; for subsequent citations, exclude the author and enter the abbreviation in the prefix field. When providing content notes, be brief and focus on only one subject. Proper citations allow readers to look up the quotes and ideas you used in context, to see if they agree with your interpretation. Books would become much longer and reading much more tedious. Provide the appropriate note after the space.
The following are some examples: 3. Extra section breaks can have an adverse affect on page numbering and margins, see. Several other studies point to this same conclusion. However, you must ensure that footnotes do not distract the reader from the main text by including irrelevant or confusing information. Place the cursor where you need an endnote in the text. This is probably the number one field that needs to be edited after importing references from a database.
Footnote numbers should not follow dashes — , and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. When citing the same source in quick succession, you can even leave out the title of the source: 9. For two different ways to format your endnotes, read on! If the source cited has no author stated, use whatever minimal information is needed to identify the same work previously cited, e. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed. Adding a second comma after Medicine in this case will cause the name to show properly. Finally, when using endnotes in a book it is customary to add a running head to each page e.
She has taught writing at North Carolina State University and the University of Tennessee. If you use a footnote within parentheses, the footnote comes inside the closing parenthesis. There is no need to use bold or italic font or to underline the title. Usually, footnotes appear at the bottom of the page, while endnotes come at the end of the document or section. Krigen på Sri Lanka og stormaktsinteresser i det indiske hav.