Hence, they may work against the interest of vast majority of shareholders. The shareholders are not liable personally for the payment of debt of the company. Benefits of Large Scale Organization: As the size of a company is large, the economies of large-scale organization and production are secured. But in the case of partnership or sole proprietorship, because of the limited number of members, the resources at their command are limited. The profit of the company belongs to shareholders and the Board of Directors is paid only on a commission. The continuity of a company is not only in the interests of the members but is also beneficial for the society. A few persons hold power and control and try to exploit the majority.
Interdepartmental conflicts can be harmful. Before the clarification of differences between these company types, it is important to provide information regarding the legal amendments in Turkish company law. It helps in the wider distribution of the ownership of shares. Further, the company has to fulfill certain procedural formalities. But in actual, there is a rule only by few.
A few individuals may corner the shares to gain control over the company. There is no limit on the number of shareholders in a public company. Financial Resources: On account of liability and diffusion of ownership in joint company organization, there is a great scope for mobilizing a large capital. There is a greater facility for the formation of a private company as compared with a public company. It enables persons with low incomes to purchase the shares of companies. Too many legal formalities have to be observed and several legal documents have to be prepared and filed. In the case of joint-stock company, the shareholders are the owners while the management is entrusted to a board of directors, who are separate from shareholders.
Since its capital is divided into shares of small value even a person of small means can contribute to its capital by simply purchasing its shares. In no case the total payment will exceed Rs. Excessive government control: Joint stock companies are regulated by government through the Companies Act and other economic legislations. The management, the shareholders, the employees, the creditors and the government may have their own individual interests. The company act provides measures against the oppression of the minority, but the measures are not very effective. Many persons will be reluctant to invest in those enterprises where liability is unlimited.
A joint stock company raises funds through contributions from a large number of people. Hence, there exists professional management and the Board is accountable to all their investors. Features of Joint Stock Company 3. The shares will have to be sold during the prescribed time. Lacks Initiative and Motivation: As there is indirect delegated management in the company form of organization, there is no initiative and motivation. The formation of a company is quite difficult than sole proprietorship and partnership.
These challenges reveal the advantages and disadvantages of using a joint-stock company to establish Jamestown. There is no direct relationship between efforts and rewards. Perpetuity: A joint-stock company has the characteristic of perpetuity unlike a partnership or a sole trading concern. Directors may manipulate annual accounts to make illegal gains through speculation in the company;s shares. It also helps to expand and diversify the activities of the company. The common seal is an official signature of the company.
Hence, they may work against the interest of a vast majority of shareholders. So the management does not take personal interest in the workings of company. In the last few months we've seen a lot of Health Care Reform rules and regulations being introduced by the Health and Human Services Department. A private company is free from certain restriction placed on a public company. The members of a company may go on a company. The company's willingness to experiment with tobacco cultivation also set the stage that would bring England tremendous wealth into the 18th century.
Because it has to submit various reports to Govt. Companies spend much of their precious time in complying with the provisions and the statutory rules. Hence, a company enjoys good public confidence. This may encourage the managing director and directors to manipulate the shares on the stock exchange in their own interest to the detriment of the majority of shareholders. Directors are responsible and accountable to the general body of shareholders. It also requires the help of experts such as promoters, underwriters, solicitors, etc. Owners of the joint stock company are known as shareholders.
Joint stock companies facilitate formation of business combinations which ultimately leads to the monopolistic control and exploitation of consumers. Large-scale production and expansion of business is possible since there is an availability of large financial resources and human resources. Social Importance: The company provides an opportunity to mobilize scattered savings of the community. The second factor is that in order a company can issue shares of smaller denomination, thus, suiting the convenience issue shares of smaller denomination, thus suiting the convenience of small investors also. Stability: A company is a legal entity and enjoys perpetual succession which means the retirement or death of a shareholder cannot affect the company Even the change in the management or the owner or disputes over the ownership of shares or stock cannot affect the continuity of a company.
Separation of Ownership and Management: The ownership and management of public company is in different hands. When they want to purchase the shares they lower the rate of dividend and when they want to dispose of the shares they declare dividends at a higher rate. The company also raised additional capital from investors after the initial settlement was established. The company act provides measures against oppression of minority, but the measures are not very effective. Again, as the affairs of the company are published, and as the companies are well regulated and controlled by the State, the public has great confidence in the company form of organization.