A high number of suicides are reported in areas where there is high commercialisation of agriculture and high peasant debt. Legumes have the ability of fixing nitrogen to the soil. This type of agriculture involves growing and processing of a single cash crop purely meant for sale. This is the process of production of large quantity of product. Apple, peach, cherries, plum, apricot are grown in the west while oranges are important in the east.
Another farming technique that is used in industrialized agriculture is the method of growing monocultures, which is when a single crop is planted on a large scale. Moreover, investment in advanced technologies like drip irrigation can save water up to 60% as compared to traditional irrigation systems Sivakumar et al. In India, the agriculture technology are labour intensive, whereas the modern agriculture technology are mainly capital intensive. Generally, after the third year, the tribals abandon this land and shift to new land. Of the 160 million hectares of cultivated land in India, about 39 million hectare can be irrigated by groundwater wells and an additional 22 million hectares by irrigation canals. These demands can be met only by increasing production levels of these through adoption of farming technologies that improve physical properties as well as biological processes of these soils. Irrigation Farming An irrigation farming system relies on help from an irrigation system supplying water from a river, reservoir, tank, or well.
As the farmers are poor, they do not use fertilizers and high yielding variety of seeds in their fields to the extent they should do. These have led intensive farming where the yield per unit area is high. This has led to an alarming situation in context of ground water situation. What do you think makes these two types of farms different? It is characterised by different crops being alternately grown on the same land in a specific order to have more effective control of weeds, pests, diseases, and more economical utilisation of soil fertility. Intensive agriculture: This farming practice can be seen in densely populated areas in India. In it farmers get settled at the place and practice continued use of land year after year with the variation of crops. Disadvantages of modern agriculture technology The main disadvantages seen in the modern agricultural technology is the excessive use of synthetic fertilisers, pesticides and herbicides.
The policy suggested that, as far as possible, land with low farming yields or that was not farmable should be earmarked for non-agricultural purposes such as construction, industrial parks and other commercial development. Most of the area under dry cultivation entertain only one crop during the year. This significant drop in uncultivated land does not give the land enough time to return to its natural condition. Video: Types of Agriculture: Industrialized and Subsistence Agriculture In recent history, agriculture has been the main source of the food we consume on a daily basis. Archived from on 6 April 2012. This isn't because of reduced importance of agriculture or a consequence of agricultural policy. Wet Land Farming: i Wet land farming depends mainly upon rains, so it is practiced in high rainfall or well irrigated areas.
Rice is the dominant crop as it can employ and feed a large number of people per unit of area. Climatic Change, 71 1-2 , pp. In 2008, the country housed the second largest number of cattle in the world with 175 million. But today the scenario has changed. The yields are exported to other countries for a profit. Features of Subsistence Farming: 2 Shifting Agriculture: In this type of agriculture, first of all a piece of forest land is cleared by felling trees and burning of trunks and branches.
Watermelon and cucumbers are zaid crops. Pulses or any leguminous crop is grown after the cereal crops. It also evaluates information associated with cultivation and offers expert advice in statistical methods for livestock and cultivation of trees. Advantages of traditional and modern technology The only instance in which traditional farming is better than modern agricultural technology is that it produces high quality product in smaller quantities. Yield differs from area to area depending on local climatic factors. In this way, our agriculture could come out of primitive subsistence stage. Modern agriculture gains from subsidies on energy, irrigation, seeds and fertilisers.
First, we have industrialized agriculture, which is the type of agriculture where large quantities of crops and livestock are produced through industrial techniques for the purpose of sale. Due to this, the farmers are not left with any other option but to sell their products instantly after harvesting, and that too at prices which are below the prevailing market rates. India faces the daunting task of increasing its food production by over 50 percent in the next two decades, and reaching towards the goal of requires a crucial role of water. The subsidies for modern agriculture technology is far more than traditional farming technologies. The progress of co-operative financing in India has been very slow.
Under this system of farming also the major emphasis is laid on rearing of animals but the farmers live a settled life. Plantation agriculture is practised in Kerala, Assam, Karnataka, and Maharashtra. Most of the plantations were developed to provide the tropical crops to the European markets. In terms of rice production, India holds the second position after China. Researcher cut, mulched, and burned a site that contained patches of eight- to nineyear-old forest and seventy-year-old forest. Traditional farmers, for example, often say that they seek to work effectively with resources at hand.
Shifting agriculture: This farming practice is mainly used by tribal groups to grow tuber and root crops. India is so diversified in geographical extent arid climate that there is no uniform form practices in the country but physical and human factors have played their respective roles to give rise to different types of farming in different parts of the country. In that practically nothing is sold off the farm. There are seven main types of farming in India, each having its own unique system: 1. It is now being promoted even more to encourage organic farming, especially in the drylands. They keep moving with their animals in search of natural pastures and lead a nomadic life. Some rainfall is caused by western disturbances in winter.