Aristotle defence of poetry. Aristotle’s Poetics Summary 2019-01-26

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Plato's Objection to Poetry and Aristotle's Defence

aristotle defence of poetry

New York: Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich. Socrates posits that there are Forms or Ideas of beds and tables, the maker of which is a god; there are imitations thereof, namely beds and tables, produced by craftsmen such as carpenters who behold the Forms as though they were looking at blueprints ; thirdly, there are imitators of the products of the craftsmen, who, like painters, create a kind of image of these objects in the world of becoming. Epic poetry, on the other hand, imitates 'noble' men like tragedy, but only has one type of meter - unlike tragedy, which can have several - and is narrative in form. However, if Ion understands what the poet says about X, and judges that the poet speaks best about X, he must be in a position to assess other poets' pronouncements about the subject in question. This linkage between poetry and rhetoric is of course controversial, and will be discussed below.

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explanation about sheley’s A defence of poetry?

aristotle defence of poetry

Is it so wretched to die? He condemns incongruities of style, melody and rhythm, and also the ridiculous mixture of tragic and comic elements in drama. Ion is depicted as superb at making the Iliad and Odyssey come alive, at communicating their drama to his audience and at involving them intimately. It is believed that he started his career as a poet but soon after his meeting with Socrates, he destroyed his poems and dramas and began to take active interest in philosophy and politics. It liberates the soul from the bondage of custom and convention and carries man nearer to truth. Yet Plato himself associates the two very closely: at Gorgias 502c he characterizes poetry as a kind of rhetoric. But truly now having named him, I fear I seem to profane that holy name, applying it to poetry, which is among us thrown down to so ridiculous an estimation.

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Aristotle's Defense of Poetry Against Plato Essay

aristotle defence of poetry

It was at this time he would received extensive knowledge of the classics and become interested in science and radical politics Wu 1043. Undoubtedly at least to my opinion undoubtedly I have found in divers small-learned courtiers a more sound style than in some professors of learning; of which I can guess no other cause, but that the courtier following that which by practice he finds fittest to nature, therein, though he know it not, doth according to art—though not by art; where the other, using art to show art and not to hide art as in these cases he should do—flies from nature, and indeed abuses art. Rejecting the methodical order of a treatise and the fantastic elaboration of euphuism, the fashionable literary style of his day, Sidney adopts the varying voice of a public speaker. Thus even an ugly object well-imitated becomes a source of pleasure. And without that skill—here Gorgias begins to wax at length and eloquently—other arts such as medicine cannot do their work effectively 456b ff.

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Aristotle's Defense of Rhetoric

aristotle defence of poetry

Plato condemned poetry that in the very nature of things poets have no idea of truth. Further he divides the arts into a the fine arts, and b the useful arts as, for example, medicine, agriculture, etc. As both reciter and exegete, the rhapsode has no exact analogue today. What is the fight about? In order for poetry to have such an effect, it must have certain form, arrangement and end. Sidney began writing poetry in 1578, and his writing career only lasted 7-8 years. Before he even turned twenty he published two gothic novels the Zastrozzi and St Irvyne in 1810 and the very next year he published The Rosicrucian Penn par 1. Aristotle does not discuss the third possibility.

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An Apology for Poetry by Sir Philip Sydney: Introduction

aristotle defence of poetry

These beliefs and opinions will only act as a guide to our knowledge. Now that verse far exceeds prose in the knitting up of the memory, the reason is manifest; the words, besides their delight, which has a great affinity to memory, being so set, as one cannot be lost but the whole work fails; which, accusing itself, calls the remembrance back to itself, and so most strongly confirms it. Rhetoric is a comprehensive art. So doth Plato upon the abuse, not upon poetry. At this point we might want to ask about the audience; after all, the rhetorician is trying to persuade someone of something. Tully takes much pains, and many times not without poetical helps, to make us know the force love of our country has in us. Plato sees imitation as a copying process, thus it is always beyond the truth.

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What was Aristotle’s reply to Plato’s objection against poetry? How does he show that is not only pleasant, but also

aristotle defence of poetry

As regards the function of poetry, he is definitely of the view that it is not merely the giving of pleasure, but the moulding of human character, the bringing out of the best that is latent in the human soul. And a poet also as a copier, have never knowledge of true being. Glazov-Corrigan, 2004, Plato's Dialectic at Play: Argument, Structure, and Myth in the Symposium, University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press. And will they now play the hedgehog, that, being received into the den, drove out his host? Given his conception of the divine as Idea, such a claim could not be true, since the Ideas do not speak, let alone speak the things which Homer, Hesiod, and their followers recount. It commences by analysing this ancient intellectual virtue, its relation to Aristotle's moral virtues and the role that philosophy occupies in his understanding of political science and the nature of politics. So at some extent Plato, in spite of being great thinker, could not understand such basic fact.

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Plato on Rhetoric and Poetry (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

aristotle defence of poetry

And truly even Plato whosoever well considers, shall find that in the body of his work though the inside and strength were philosophy, the skin as it were and beauty depended most of poetry. I examine this renaissance of interest in Aristotelian prudence through a study of the works of several leading democratic theorists and Aristotle scholars and conclude that they stop short of some of the very elements of Aristotle's thought that can assist us in promoting prudence. But the poet, as I said before, never affirms. This echoes the Ion's charge that the rhapsodes do not know what they are talking about. The cosmos is structured in such a way as to support virtue. But I am content not only to decipher him by his works—although works in commendation or dispraise must ever hold a high authority—but more narrowly will examine his parts; so that, as in a man, though all together may carry a presence full of majesty and beauty, perchance in some one defectious piece we may find a blemish.


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Plato on Rhetoric and Poetry (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

aristotle defence of poetry

Homer, a Greek, flourished before Greece flourished; and if to a slight conjecture a conjecture may be opposed, truly it may seem, that as by him their learned men took almost their first light of knowledge, so their active men received their first motions of courage. By using Aristotle's understanding of ethos, this paper seeks to reexamine Eliot's text in terms of authorial and narrative ethos, specifically addressing issues of the narrator's credibility as an honest storyteller and Eliot's struggle for credibility as a female author and fallen woman. Its quarrel with philosophy is comprehensive, and bears on the nature of nature; the existence of objective moral norms; the connection if any between happiness and virtue; the nature and limits of reason; the value of reason understood as the rational pursuit of objective purpose in a human life; the nature of the soul or self; and the question as to whether there is a difference between true and false pleasure, i. The phenomenal world is not the reality but a copy of the reality in the mind of the Supreme. Nature never set forth the earth in so rich a tapestry as different poets have done, neither with so pleasant rivers, fruitful trees.

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