With this result, the employees may feel underestimated and also feel alienated which may direct them to absenteeism. If people are motivated, they will work hard towards the organizations goals. According to McGregor, the p … erception of managers on the nature of individuals is based on various assumptions. All individuals, he concluded, however independent and mature, need some form of structure around them and some direction from others. Motivational strategies have been considered as an essential concentration for corporations. They are all easy to understand. Theory Y also assumes that the ability to be innovative and creative exists among a large, rather than a small segment of the population.
McGregor makes the point that a command and control environment is not effective because it relies on lower needs as levers of motivation, but in modern society those needs already are satisfied and thus no longer are motivators. Teamwork, quality circles, and brainstorming sessions are used in theory Y organizations in order to provide platforms for employees to share their ideas and opinions. This is because our mental energy is being distributed to more widely to different parts. Theory Y employees are dedicated towards work, thus need minimum supervision. People dislike and avoid responsibility.
Theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, Mcgregor's X- Y Theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive. Control, Douglas McGregor, Goal 1209 Words 4 Pages 1. However, neither of these extremes is optimal. McGregor 2000 state that autonomous environment can be acquired by opportunities for self-actualization. An average employee needs formal direction.
Their activities must be directed. He stated that managers should assist subordinates in reaching their full potential, rather than commanding and controlling. There will always be tension between task focused. The management are suggested to assume that all employees exercise self-control and that they enjoy their mental and physical work duties. Some oÂ£ the important drawbacks are enumerated here.
They believe that most of the people are high performers in a proper work environment. In 1960, Douglas McGregor formulated Theory X and Theory Y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals employees : one of which is negative, called as Theory X and the other is positive, so called as Theory Y. It can also help close relationships between workers and leaders develop more easily. Unemployment: With the application of this theory, men are replaced by machines which in turn lead to unemployment. Disadvantages of Scientific Management Theory: The following mentioned are few limitations or disadvantages of scientific management. Imposition of decisions on theory Y employees will lead to their dissatisfaction, and this will negatively affect organizational performance. Theory X vs Theory Y Theory X assumes that employees dislike work; they want to avoid it and do not want to take responsibility.
If you believe the same then how might Theory Y be applied by a project manager or program manager to improve the performance of their team? One was developed by Abraham H. Nonetheless, Head 2011 has argued that incentives involving self-actualization are barely effective. Thus, avoiding responsibility is not an inherent quality of human nature; individuals will actually seek it out under the proper conditions. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website! The theory also allows the leaders to know the specific tasks they are responsible for without any confusion. In such situations, employees show dislike towards work and become individual goal oriented and neglect organizational goals.
Theory Y managers are far more likely to develop a trusting relationship with their employees, with employees receiving satisfaction simply from doing their job well. It is important for effective corporate communication practice because organizations must mould themselves to the everchanging environment. Why motivating staff is the most difficult task for any kinds of managers? A hierarchical structure is needed. Later, Theory X has been considered as a negative way of dealing with employees due to the inherent negative aspects of the theory. An average employee needs formal direction. Theory X Theory X assumes that the average person: Dislikes work and attempts to avoid it. These two views theorized how managers assume human behavior at the workplace and it leads to the difference in leadership styles followed by the managers.
When the bubbles burst, the corporation are not hurt as much as it hurts the people, especially the lower class. Employment is usually long-term, and promotion is steady and measured. To a point, it reduces corruption. Without this active intervention by management, people would be passive-even resistant-to organizational needs. According to Geren 2011 , an abandoned principle in the theory is obedience for authority which is the essence of Confucian value system.