But the film comes close enough to truth that I will not be unhappy if it is both a big success now and a video store staple for years to come, with youths in America and around the world getting from it their first impressions of what was probably the greatest international crisis in all of human experience. Chronicle of Higher Education: B15. Donaldson also directed Costner in No Way Out, which was a hard movie to walk out on. The very nature of that situation-the pressure of a nuclear threat posed in the early years of the Cold War-made our job simply one of effectively conveying the intensity of that moment. They had to be factually informed of the grim situation but not so alarmed that things would get out of control. Everything depends on what they decide.
The producer of the movie and I appeared on a program together. August 31, 1962 - Senator Kenneth Keating tells the Senate that there is evidence of Soviet missile installations in Cuba. While the film carries the same title as the book by former Attorney General , it is in fact based on a different book, The Kennedy Tapes: Inside the White House During the Cuban Missile Crisis, by and. The Soviets, for their part, acutely felt the inferiority of their nuclear deterrent. President Kennedy and Khrushchev had spent a considerable amount of time together in Geneva.
He nationalised industries and banks and introduced land reforms. Keating urges Kennedy to take action. In the long run, national defense consists of not blowing everything up in the name of national defense. Some may suggest that President Kennedy affirmed aggressive actions against a small, weak enemy yet supported peace when the stakes were high and the enemy was powerful. He had ignored warnings from some that the plan was flawed. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please visit our. Using Cuban exiles as the initial landing force, the target was the Bay of Pigs on the Cuban coast.
The expense of maintaining an army large enough to counter the Red Army in Europe and the Chinese Army in Asia would have put a tremendous strain on Western economies. In a way, all the filmmakers had to do was not blow it, though with the wrong actors taking the wrong approach to the Kennedys, that might have been easy. Khrushchev never dreamed that the U. The 2000 film contains some newly declassified information not available to the earlier production, but takes greater dramatic license, particularly in its choice of O'Donnell as protagonist. With these missiles and its bomber fleet, the Soviet Union could hit the U. Most of its cabinet officers are parochial, peripheral, and second-rate. A long message in the same tone as the informal communication from Fomin, apparently written personally by Soviet Premier , is received.
By restraining those who wanted to initiate air strikes or an invasion, and by starting the U. Your character didn't say much in the movie. Tip In Step 2, if students brainstorm other feasible options, you may choose to incorporate them into the activity at your discretion. The movie gets this right where so many histories have not. While some recommended diplomacy, others pressed for military options, such as air strikes or an invasion of Cuba.
Both sides developed highly destructive nuclear weapons. Kennedy with photographic evidence of Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba--only 90 miles from the U. The Cubans were even more worried, and kept Moscow fully informed of American. How close, in your estimation, were we to nuclear war? The analyses reproduced below were originally published in 2001 to mark the release of , a film about the events of October 1962. The missiles were believed to be capable of reaching virtually every part of the United States--except for the upper northwest corner of Washington state--and parts of Latin America. These weapons have the capability of wiping out most of the Eastern and Southern United States in minutes if they become operational.
This was the premises for the Cuban missile crisis during 1962. Eastern seaboard, and there'd be a lot of poison in the air. They have so much more power than knowledge, and their hunches and guesses may be more useful than war game theories. By what standards should accuracy and fidelity in Hollywood history be judged? No one should see the movie expecting to learn exactly what happened. As shown in the movie, Adlai Stevenson, ambassador to the U.
The movie skews many small points and a few large ones. It makes no attempt to suggest why Khrushchev decided to sneak the missiles into Cuba or, in the end, to pull them out. President Kennedy chose to believe that the attack on the U-2 was unauthorized. To the best of my knowledge, those are fictional devices. But rather than stopping for a moment, the President's and occasionally Bobby's humor happened more during the meetings themselves. In a bid for time while under intense pressure from the military for an immediate strike, President Kennedy authorizes attacks on the missile sites and an invasion of Cuba, to commence the following Monday. Everything depends on what they decide.
A clear lesson, in addition to all the other lessons that came out of those 13 days, was the reminder of the importance of the tradition of civilian supremacy in this country, of civilian control of the military. Never again would America and Russia come to the brink of a nuclear Armageddon. The Cuban Missile Crisis in October of 1962 was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. Tensions between the countries were high and the mood grim. That was substantially oversimplified for dramatic purposes.
After the missiles had been removed, President Kennedy described the process of crisis management by stating that one must be firm, obtain the best information possible, and act with care. Americans feared that a catastrophic nuclear war would break out between Russia and the United States, possibly killing up to eighty million people. Last updated October 18, 2015. Interested in knowing what the movie's about? They announce that the U. These were all served by the solution crafted by President Kennedy.